Learn the German Commands
The Command Mood (or das Imperativ in German) is a mood that is used for expressing commands and also polite requests. It is very similar to the present tense. It’s very similar to saying in English “Grab my phone”, “Take a copy”, or “Don’t be so rude”.
When to use the German Command Mood
- Commands and demands.
- Gib mir die Schlüssel. — Give me the keys.
- Polite requests.
- Nehmen Sie Platz, bitte! → Take a seat, please!
To use this Command form, you use the present tense form of the verb and reverse the order, so that it’s verb first. For the du case, it’s a little different. You need to drop the
-st ending, and depending on the consonant you may need to also add an
-e . (Only sein doesn’t follow these rules.
Finally, you will often drop the du and ihr and let it be implied, so that you have “Gib mir deine Nummer” → “Give me your number” and “Geh nicht dort” → “Don’t go there”.
You will hear and read this tense often in German, especially on signs. Luckily, it’s very similar to the Present Tense, so you should pick up the pattern quickly.
- The Imperative (der Imperativ) - dartmouth.edu
- The Imperative (Command form) in German (Imperativ) - germanveryeasy.com
- The Imperative - germanforenglishspeakers.com
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